Diagnosing autism with diffusion tensor MR imaging

Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the brain combined with machine learning could provide a fast and objective alternative to traditional methods of diagnosing autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a recently published study. […]

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Recognize the signs and symptoms of pediatric stroke

Stroke is the sixth-leading cause of death in children, and early recognition is key. Those at higher risk of stroke include newborns and pediatric patients with sickle cell anemia, congenital heart defects, immune disorders, clotting […]

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Cullen S. Marshall, M.D., joins Norton Children’s Neuroscience Institute

Pediatric neurologist Cullen S. Marshall, M.D., has joined Norton Children’s Neuroscience Institute, affiliated with the UofL School of Medicine. Dr. Marshall recently completed a residency in child neurology at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. He [...]

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Differentiating tics and other pediatric movement disorders

Pediatric movement disorders are characterized by impaired voluntary movements, abnormal involuntary movements or movements at inappropriate times. Tic disorders are the most common pediatric movement disorders and can be divided into motor tics and phonic […]

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Super-refractory status epilepticus case study

The patient A 6-year-old girl was admitted to Norton Children’s Hospital on May 11, 2020, with uncontrolled seizures that progressed to status epilepticus. The challenge After maximal medical intervention, neurosurgery was consulted on June 12, […]

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Neurogenetic counselor supports families and coordinates care

As a neurogenetic counselor, Preeti T. Desaigoudar, LCGC, educates and supports families through the process of genetic testing and a possible genetic diagnosis. Since a diagnosis can affect many parts of the body, she will […]

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Baclofen pump catheter implanted in brain because tissue couldn’t support typical placement

The patient At age 10, the patient was diagnosed with a high-grade arteriovenous malformation and treated with radiosurgery. About six months later, the patient developed a severe case of brain swelling that left them with […]

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Pediatricians’ primer on childhood CNS tumors

Tumors in the central nervous system (CNS) account for 20% of childhood cancers, with 5.65 cases and 0.72 deaths per 100,000 children under 14 in the United States. Brain tumors are second only to acute […]

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MEK Inhibitor shrinks large hypothalamic enhancing tumor in teen

The patient A 14-year-old female presented with worsening headache and deterioration of vision especially in the left eye. MRI detected a large hypothalamic enhancing tumor causing mass effect on the optic nerves. The pituitary gland […]

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Headache treatment should begin with pediatricians

When children have headaches or experience migraine, it is usually not necessary to make a referral to a neurologist right away. Michael K. Sowell, M.D. and Elizabeth S. Doll, M.D., pediatric neurologists at Norton Children’s […]

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Evaluating and treating pediatric status epilepticus

Most seizures in newborns and children stop on their own, usually within about three minutes. The longer a seizure goes, however, the less likely it is to stop without treatment. Children who have continuous seizures […]

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Classification and treatment of pediatric cancerous brain tumor, medulloblastoma

Medulloblastoma is one of the most common malignant brain tumors in children, with cases tending to surface around ages 4 or 5. Currently, the treatment protocol is resection of as much of the tumor as […]

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